Human Brain Scanning / Mapping Worldprize
$1 MILLION (Prize amount to be confirmed. Announcement expected for next year)
Brain mapping is a set of neuroscience techniques predicated on the mapping of (biological) quantities or properties onto spatial representations of the (human or non-human) brain resulting in maps.
Brain mapping is specifically defined, as the study of the anatomy and function of the brain and spinal cord through the use of imaging, immunohistochemistry, molecular & optogenetics, stem cell and cellularbiology, engineering, neurophysiology and nanotechnology. Brain imaging is the use of various techniques to either directly or indirectly image the structure, function, or pharmacology of the nervous system. It is a relatively new discipline within medicine, neuroscience, and psychology. Can be divided in:
-Structural imaging, which deals with the structure of the nervous system and the diagnosis of gross (large scale) intracranial disease (such as a tumor) and injury.
-Functional imaging, which is used to diagnose metabolic diseases and lesions on a finer scale (such as Alzheimer’s disease) and also for neurological and cognitive psychology research and building brain-computer interfaces.
While improvements are essential to detect diseases other functions will be looked for , especially in the future brain computer interface sector.
Such sector is promising for future possibilities of direct connections from the brain to the web or nervous systems of our body to help in nervous diseases.