Global Food and Nutrition
$1 MILLION (Prize amount to be confirmed. Announcement expected for next year)
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for an organism. Food is usually of plant, animal or fungal origin, and contains essential nutrients. There are six categories of nutrients that the body needs to acquire from food: protein, carbohydrates, fat, fibers, vitamins and minerals, and water.
The substance is ingested by an organism and assimilated by the organism’s cells to provide energy, maintain life, or stimulate growth.
Good nutrition can help prevent disease and promote health. With a population of over 7.5 billion citizens , in continuous growth, with potentally 10 B people by 2050, to assure food and nutrition to everybody Is amajor challenge that our Society is facing which requires deep changes in our economy and lifestyle to obtain the desired goals.
The way food is produced actually, the agricultural and animal breeding practices will undergo radical changes including the reduction , near elimination of animal breeding and slaughtering for meat production, since meat will be grown in laboratories without the need of slaughtering animals.
Also agriculture by utilizing new techniques like vertical and urban agriculturae, hydroponics and aeroponics will change radically.Food will be considered as a medicine and it will be geneengineered to optimize its purposes.