Genetic Mapping of Ocean Species and Diversity
$1 MILLION (Prize amount to be confirmed. Announcement expected for next year)
Gene mapping describes the methods used to identify the locus of a gene and the distances between genes. Gene mapping can also describe the distances between different sites within a gene.
The essence of all genome mapping is to place a collection of molecular markers onto their respective positions on the genome. Molecular markers come in all forms. Genes can be viewed as one special type of genetic markers in the construction of genome maps, and mapped the same way as any other markers.
Marine genetic mapping is a needed procedure not only to protect and know existing species but also to find new ones during the operation.
Our terrestrial genetic heritage is a must for our future survival as a species, also in our future space migrations.
Genetic diversity provides a way for populations to adapt to environmental changes and may be crucial for the fitness of a population. Genetic variability is also the basis for evolution of species.
Moreover, the sustainable exploitation and proper resource management of marine species could be greatly enhanced by understanding the population structure of natural populations.